Hunger Knows No Preference

Morning clouds dispersed. Four wild gobblers gleaned the cornfield, beyond the hayfield, north of the homestead. A brilliant early afternoon sun cast a short shadow from the great oak. The night before’s fresh snow dripped from the eaves. The cabin grew too warm, the space too confining. “Answer the call, go to the woods,” my wife urged in a knowing tone.

I did not argue. The elk center-seams fell beside the stool; wool knee socks cushioned lined winter moccasins. Hunt-stained buckskin leggins, an extra osnaburg trade shirt, a wool shirt and the linen hunting shirt came next, held snug with a woven sash. The wiping stick thumped on the Northwest gun’s breech, to confirm my recollection. The horn and pouch nestled on my right hip. I pulled the knit cap on after closing the back door.

The air smelled fresh and damp. A brisk jaunt put me at the edge of the big woods. A proper measure of gunpowder tumbled down the trade gun’s bore. A few steps to the left, I tugged a handful of white oak leaves from a low branch; two fell to the melting snow. I tore three leaves, discarding the damp stem-end in favor of the dry body, stuffed them in the muzzle, then tamped the wadding tight over the powder. Shot rattled; a single leaf held the death bees firm. With my thumb over the horn’s tip, a sprinkling of gunpowder primed the pan.

While loading, the historical me took charge and waltzed through time’s portal. It was early February and I found myself standing in the Old Northwest Territory, three hills east of the River Raisin. The year was 1795. My buffalo-hide moccasins whispered south, bent on the crease between the hardwoods and red cedar trees. Fox squirrels or cottontail rabbits, it made no difference; hunger knows no preference.

At the second pause a red-tailed hawk circled high above the hardwoods, soaring in majestic splendor against a cloudless, azure sky. I expected a piercing scream, but heard none. Two more steps and my moccasin stomped snow from a juniper. Four sets of rabbit tracks flirted with the ground hugging evergreen; a night’s worth romped here and there on the rolling hillside, mingled with a doe and two spring fawns, a weaving coyote, several turkeys, an opossum, fox and red squirrels and an occasional mouse.

A traditional woodsman turns at the sound of the crows.Far off, to the south, a crow hollered, “Caw, caw, caw, caw…” Another answered, in the oaks to the north of the nasty thicket.

My course zigzagged south, checking all the junipers, a few dead cedars and two oak limbs that rested on the ground. At the east end of Fox Hill, I chose not to test my luck by venturing into the ice-filled sedge grass and elder, fearing the soaking consequences of a mild winter.

Standing on the swamp’s cut bank, my eyes tracked a cottontail as it meandered in a graceful loop to the shallow deer crossing, about thirty paces to the northwest. I change my plan and eased toward the a downed oak top that still held dry summer leaves, realizing the various rabbit tracks intersected at that brushy lair.

The top half of the young oak lay sprawled next to the frozen swamp. An inner voice suggested care; I felt supper was close at hand. A cold thumb fiddled with the firelock’s hammer. Without thinking, I checked the smoothbore’s precious prime a few footfalls from the tree’s bushy crown. My moccasins crept down the trunk. Near the splintered break, at a fork, a light sprinkling of dirt colored the snow. Dingy, gray ice, packed from coming and going, marked the rabbit’s hole. I sighed, stood and looked to the north; discouraged, but hoping the rabbit was sunning nearby, I returned to working the hillside.

As I descended the hillside, fox squirrel tracks crisscrossed cottontail tracks. But all afternoon I spied not a single squirrel in the barren branches overhead. I again found myself in the midst of rabbit runs, all converging on a single thicket, and again I found not one, but two icy holes. In frustration I crested the next hill and came to rest on my blanket roll with my back against a young cedar tree.

“Kee-honk, kee-honk, yonk, yonk…” Geese called from the River Raisin, near the sand flats where steam rose from the unfrozen current. “Kee-honk, yonk, yonk…”

Several Sandhill cranes winged over the flats, banked, then settled down. “Urrr-ggooou-aaa, Urrr-ggooou-aaa,” they cried. This was the first winter I could remember when the cranes did not fly south. Light snows, open water and an abundance of cornfields seemed to make the migration unnecessary.

I sat for longer than I planned on the oak ridge. The afternoon breeze grew colder, and I felt it best to move. In a while I emerged from the big woods and still hunted the border crease between the hardwoods and cedar grove. The still-hunt returned to the point of beginning, the little white oak that offered up the Northwest gun’s wadding. A rabbit run headed east, angling in the homestead’s direction. I followed, seeking to amuse myself on the walk home.

We See, But Don’t Comprehend

“Where are you going to find leaves and grass in the dead of winter?” Bill, my passenger, asked the week prior.

Pushing dry oak leaves down the Northwest gun's muzzle.“All around,” I answered, not trying to appear smug or cocky. Bill and I discussed a variety of topics on the thirty-five-mile drive to state land for a snowshoe hare hunt, an annual outing for the Michigan Outdoor Writers Association. Just before reaching our preset rendezvous point, the Northwest trade gun and my passion for traditional black powder hunting took center stage. The conversation touched on using natural wadding materials, such as leaves and grass, to load “Old Turkey Feathers,” and that spawned Bill’s question.

Natural wadding lessons recur with regularity in my alter ego’s classroom curriculum, and have for the last three or so years. Two winters ago I shared Bill’s concern as I prepared for the MOWA February rabbit hunt near Onekama. Thinking leaves and grass would be non-existent in a pine forest blanketed with snow deep enough to require snowshoes, I tossed some .125 cards in my shot pouch. The lesson plan that day focused on 18th-century snowshoe bindings. Like a good student, I followed the syllabus and chickened out, choosing the modern cards for wadding.

The single-thong snowshoe bindings worked with little alteration, which is unusual in the wilderness classroom. In my living history endeavors, failures outnumber successes, learning curves resemble roller coaster tracks, and a smooth bell curve is a rarity. With that in mind, I brought along a second pair of snowshoes with modern leather bindings, in case of a disaster.

But on that Saturday, the failure I experienced was not related to the leather bindings. A few strides off the two-track, the thong bindings and the snowshoes became a non-issue. As we swooshed along a little bubbling creek, I spotted dried leaves on scrub oaks and tufts of grass above the snow. Much to my surprise, I could have filled one of John Sayer’s Snake River rum barrels with a season’s worth of natural wadding, dispelling my preconceived notion of availability.

Such circumstances frustrate me no end. I enter the glade bent on learning, on being a good observer and becoming a wise forest tenant, yet, I see that which is in plain sight, but do not comprehend. The same holds true with museum artifacts, photographs or paintings. Even after repeated viewings, I see, but the visions fail to register with conscious perception. Only when I concentrate on a specific classroom lesson and engage in hands-on participation do I gain the knowledge and understanding that I need to flesh out my persona. Frustrating, frustrating indeed…

After arriving at the state land for the MOWA hunt, I pulled the Northwest gun from its leather case and started fielding questions as I loaded. When I explained that I was going to use leaves for wadding, one of the observers repeated Bill’s question. A few paces distant, I tugged a handful of dry leaves from a scrub white oak. The one fellow frowned, looked about and said, “I never saw them before.”

“One last try…”

The winter moccasins trudged up a small knoll; my intention was to shorten the distance home as night was not far off. At the wagon trail, piled brush, cut to clear the roadway, teased my thoughts. I turned back at the urging of an inner voice that said, “One last try.” My left moccasin pressed on the heap’s outer branches, dry and devoid of foliage. Snow dribbled. Gray fur bounded straight away, veered right, passed behind an oak then reappeared, hind legs over ears.

A traditional woodsman carries a rabbit as he walks down a corn row.The English flint clicked to attention. The trade gun’s buttstock slammed into an eager shoulder. The muzzle swung in pursuit, hitting a snow-covered cedar bough. Ice crystals showered. White globs clung to the browned barrel as “Old Turkey Feathers” caught the streaking rabbit’s white, bobbing tail, then raced through its flexing body.


A yellow tongue of fire belched from the bore. A thunderous roar broke the evening tranquility. The recoil shook the snow from the dropping barrel. With long, slipping strides I arrived at the rabbit. A bit distressed, I realized I had not prayed for “a clean kill, or a clean miss” at any time during the afternoon’s many pursuits. I knelt and thanked God for the blessing of that meal. I expect He understood and knew that hunger knows no preference.

Give traditional black powder hunting a try, be safe and may God bless you.


  1. Sadly, our Ohio rabbit season is now over. My 1730 English fowler and I have had a good year though. Quite a few rabbits are now stored away and quite a few more than that are hiding in their lairs laughing at me, i’m sure. On the other hand, the woodchucks will popping up in just a few weeks. It’ll be time to trade the fowler for a 40cal flint rifle. Happy Days.

    1. Happy Indeed!

      Our squirrel season slipped away from me, and I didn’t realize it–too many commitments and writing projects.

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